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However, other stakeholders believe that the implementation of SMSs has not reduced regulatory oversight, but changed the process by making operators responsible for it. Glenn Mahon, Director of Operations of St. Throughout that process—a proactive process—they identify deficiencies and areas where corrective actions are needed, and that feeds through a specific process. This change has not been seamless. McKenna of the Air Transport Association of Canada said that the changes brought about by establishing SMSs on inspections and oversight were not well received by all Transport Canada inspectors.

Some witnesses suggested that Transport Canada should increase the use of inspections and audits for regulatory compliance as part of its civil aviation oversight program. According to the Hon. Moshansky, SMSs are insufficient and Transport Canada inspectors should return to traditional oversight inspections. However, Mr. Richard told the Committee that better trained inspectors would no doubt improve the quality of aviation safety oversight.

Richard also mentioned that the implementation of SMSs in would have required more inspectors. That the implementation of a Safety Management System becomes mandatory for all commercial operators, including the air taxi sector. Review whistleblower policies to ensure adequate protection for people who raise safety issues to foster open, transparent and timely disclosure of safety concerns.

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That the government make sure that Safety Management Systems are accompanied by an effective, properly financed, adequately staffed system of regulatory oversight: monitoring, surveillance and enforcement supported by sufficient, appropriately trained staff. That Transport Canada review all training processes and training materials for civil aviation inspectors to ensure they have the resources to perform their duties effectively. The TSB was created in to investigate transportation accidents and identify risks to the transportation system. The TSB conducts independent investigations in order to make findings as to the causes and contributing factors of transportation accidents, identify safety deficiencies as highlighted by these accidents and make recommendations to eliminate or reduce such deficiencies.

In these investigations, the TSB does not determine civil or criminal liability. Since , the TSB has investigated aviation accidents or incidents in Canada. Most TSB recommendations are directed at Transport Canada, but also at air operators, manufacturers and other domestic and foreign regulators. Parties subject to a TSB recommendation are not required to implement it. However, federal ministers must advise the TSB of any action they propose to take in response to a recommendation that concerns them or provide a reason if no action will be taken.

P, 26 November The Committee heard that the TSB is concerned about the slow progress made by Transport Canada in addressing a number of its recommendations. Fox, Transport Canada had developed an action plan a few years ago to implement a number of TSB recommendations.

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However, the implementation was constantly delayed, and many of these recommendations are still active. Transport Canada gave a number of reasons why some TSB recommendations had yet to be implemented. Laureen Kinney, Assistant Deputy Minister, Safety and Security, Transport Canada, explained that technology had made some recommendations obsolete and that other recommendations were too complex to implement.

She admitted, however, that Transport Canada had been too slow to act on a number of recommendations. Implementing many of the TSB recommendations takes time, especially because regulatory amendments are needed.


  1. Aviation Investigation Report A93P - Transportation Safety Board of Canada.
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  4. Committee Report No. 14 - TRAN () - House of Commons of Canada.
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  6. Aviation Investigation Report A02O - Transportation Safety Board of Canada!

In its report, An Update on Rail Safety , [] the Committee recommended that an expedited process for responding to TSB recommendations be established. The Committee also recommended that an enhanced reporting system be adopted to prevent recommendations from languishing, without action. These recommendations could also apply to the aviation industry. That Transport Canada establish an expedited process for responding to Transportation Safety Board of Canada air safety-related recommendations, including the backlog, and that an enhanced reporting system be adopted to prevent recommendations from languishing, without action, on the Transportation Safety Board Active Recommendations list regarding aviation.

That Transport Canada undertake an air safety review and report its findings back to Parliament. Since , the TSB has been concerned by accidents caused by unstable approaches and runway overruns. To address this concern, the TSB has made a number of recommendations, including requiring major Canadian airports to implement metre runway end safety areas [] — or other engineered materials arresting systems.

The current Canadian standard requires major airports to have metre runway end safety areas. Representatives of Canadian airports told the Committee that measures other than runway end safety areas would be more effective in preventing runway overruns.

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Steve Maybee from the Canadian Airports Council said that runway end safety areas are a last resort for runway overruns. He said it would be better to address the problem of unstable approaches and avoid runway overruns altogether. That the federal government implement the Transportation Safety Board of Canada and International Civil Aviation Organization recommendation on metre runway end safety areas.

Security screening of passengers and employees at airports, as well as the rollout of a transportation security clearance program began in earnest following the Air India bombing in During the fiscal year 48 transportation clearances were suspended, 20 clearances were cancelled, and applications for clearance were refused, either because criminal background information was found, or because insufficient information was provided by the applicant to complete the background check. That Transport Canada examine the various security databases upon which security clearances rely to ensure they are as current as possible.

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As a result of changes to international aviation standards in , Canada was required to implement additional security measures for non-passengers at airports i. Witness testimony relating to the security screening program for non-passengers was largely positive. Many witnesses noted the high degree of collaboration and coordination among all of the parties that contribute to airport security in Canada.

Criticism of the non-passenger screening and security clearance programs concerned the often long delays in receiving security clearances and the ongoing issue of adequately funding CATSA to provide non-passenger screening services. Notably, Mr. Although, as discussed above, non-passenger screening has been addressed through additional appropriations made to CATSA, airport authorities noted the significant costs incurred by them to install improved non-passenger screening checkpoints and provide increased security personnel in secure and non-secure areas of their airports.

In addition to suggesting a need for increased funding for CATSA, airport authorities also noted that the delays for security clearances, currently within the range of three to five months, [] were far too long and required authorities to expend resources on performing their own background checks prior to issuing temporary security clearances for new airport employees.

That the government increase the financing of the Canadian Air Transport Security Authority, in particular by making sure that the revenues from the fees paid by travelers are allocated to the Canadian Air Transport Security Authority. Canada has a number of airports serving remote and northern communities. In these locations, air travel is often the only reliable year-round means of transportation for residents and goods.

For these communities, air transportation is critical. Despite this importance, transportation infrastructure in the North lags compared to other parts of the country. Glenn Priestley, Executive Director of NATA, said the antiquated air infrastructure in the North increases the risk of air operations and therefore affects the ability of air operators to provide services in this region. Concerns about antiquated air infrastructure in the North were also raised during the recent review of the Canada Transportation Act. Moreover, the Auditor General of Canada, in a May report on civil aviation infrastructure in the North, noted essentially the same concerns as those identified by NATA in its brief.

In his testimony before the Committee, the Auditor General said that Transport Canada did not have any plan to address infrastructure needs, even though these issues go back 10 years.

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As to regulations on flight operations, Mr. That Transport Canada develop a plan and a timeline to address the specific operating conditions and infrastructure needs of airlines serving Northern Canada and small airports. See TSB Includes Canadian and foreign-registered aircrafts. All Evidence cited hereafter is from the 42 nd Parliament, 1 st Session unless otherwise noted. Moshansky, as an individual.

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